Nazi Germany essay questions These Nazi Germany essay questions have been written and compiled by Alpha History authors, for use by teachers and students. They can also be used for short-answer questions and other research or revision tasks. If you would like to contribute a question to this page, please contact Alpha History. Describe the life of Adolf Hitler between and
Vice Chancellor Franz von Papenthe leader of the Catholic right-wing, meanwhile negotiated a Reich concordat with the Holy See, which prohibited clergy from participating in politics. Most Catholic opposition to the regime came from the Catholic left-wing in the Christian trade unions, such as by the union leaders Jakob Kaiser and Blessed Nikolaus Gross.
Hoffmann writes that, from the beginning: Over the years until the outbreak of war Catholic resistance stiffened until finally its most eminent spokesman was the Pope himself with his encyclial Mit brennender Sorge In general terms, therefore, the churches were the only major organisations to offer comparatively early and open resistance: The purge lasted two days over 30 June and 1 July High-profile Catholic resistors were targeted - Klausener and Jung were murdered.
The offices of President and Chancellor were combined, and Hitler ordered the Army to swear an oath directly to him. Hitler declared his "revolution" complete. He was part of the five-member commission that prepared the Mit brennender Sorge anti-Nazi encyclical of Marchand sought to block the Nazi closure of Catholic schools and arrests of church officials.
Arrested inhe died en route to Dachau Concentration Camp in She organized aid circles for Jews, assisted many to escape.
Even at the height of Hitler's popularity, one issue unexpectedly provoked powerful and successful resistance to his regime. Bymore than 70, people had been killed under this programme, many by gassing, and their bodies incinerated.
This policy aroused strong opposition across German society, and especially among Catholics. Opposition to the policy sharpened after the German attack on the Soviet Union in Junebecause the war in the east produced for the first time large-scale German casualties, and the hospitals and asylums began to fill up with maimed and disabled young German soldiers.
Catholic anger was further fuelled by actions of the Gauleiter of Upper BavariaAdolf Wagnera militantly anti-Catholic Nazi, who in June ordered the removal of crucifixes from all schools in his Gau. This attack on Catholicism provoked the first public demonstrations against government policy since the Nazis had come to power, and the mass signing of petitions, including by Catholic soldiers serving at the front.
When Hitler heard of this he ordered Wagner to rescind his decree, but the damage had been done — German Catholics had learned that the regime could be successfully opposed. On 3 August, von Galen was even more outspoken, broadening his attack to include the Nazi persecution of religious orders and the closing of Catholic institutions.
Local Nazis asked for Galen to be arrested, but Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels told Hitler that if this happened there would be an open revolt in Westphalia.
Galen's sermons went further than defending the church, he spoke of a moral danger to Germany from the regime's violations of basic human rights: Hitler was jeered by an angry crowd at Hofnear Nuremberg — the only time he was opposed to his face in public during his 12 years of rule.
It needs to be remembered that following the annexations of Austria and the Sudetenlandnearly half of all Germans were Catholic. On 24 August he ordered the cancellation of the T4 programme and issued strict instructions to the Gauleiters that there were to be no further provocations of the churches during the war.
Although remaining publicly neutral, Pius advised the British in of the readiness of certain German generals to overthrow Hitler if they could be assured of an honourable peace, offered assistance to the German resistance in the event of a coup and warned the Allies of the planned German invasion of the Low Countries in He stated his "profound grief" at the murder of the deformed, the insane, and those suffering from hereditary disease The Encyclical was followed, on 26 Septemberby an open condemnation by the German Bishops which, from every German pulpit, denounced the killing of "innocent and defenceless mentally handicapped, incurably infirm and fatally wounded, innocent hostages, and disarmed prisoners of war and criminal offenders, people of a foreign race or descent".
Himmler's Aktion Klostersturm Operation Attack-the-Monastery had also helped to spread fear among regime-critical Catholic clergy.
He divided the Lutheran Church Germany's main Protestant denomination and instigated a brutal persecution of Jehovah's Witnesseswho refused military service and allegiance to Hitlerism.
The movement grew into the Confessing Churchfrom which some clergymen opposed the Nazi regime. The Church has been ordered by its Master to see that Christ is honoured by our nation in a manner befitting the Judge of the world.
The Church knows that it will be called to account if the German nation turns its back on Christ without being forewarned". Hundreds of pastors were arrested; Dr Weissler, a signatory to the memorandum, was killed at Sachsenhausen concentration camp and the funds of the church were confiscated and collections forbidden.
He remained mainly at Dachau until the fall of the regime. Theological universities were closed, and other pastors and theologians arrested. Arrested inhe was implicated in the July Plot to assassinate Hitler and executed.
Oster Conspiracy Despite the removal of Blomberg and Fritsch, the army retained considerable independence, and senior officers were able to discuss their political views in private fairly freely.
The Army Chief of Staff, General Ludwig Beckregarded this as not only immoral but reckless, since he believed that Germany would lose such a war. Oster and Beck sent emissaries to Paris and London to advise the British and French to resist Hitler's demands, and thereby strengthen the hand of Hitler's opponents in the Army.
The British and French were extremely doubtful of the ability of the German opposition to overthrow the Nazi regime and ignored these messages. An official of the British Foreign Office wrote on August 28, Goerdeler, but those for whom these emissaries claim to speak have never given us any reasons to suppose that they would be able or willing to take action such as would lead to the overthrow of the regime.
This group was not committed to the overthrow of the regime but was loosely allied to another, more radical group, the "anti-Nazi" fraction centered on Colonel Hans Oster and Hans Bernd Giseviuswhich wanted to use the crisis as an excuse for executing a putsch to overthrow the Nazi regime.
The group wanted to avoid a major war and the potential catastrophic consequences for Germany.The Middle Managers of Murder. Introduction. Bureaucracy is not unique to Germany, however its application by the National Socialists as a tool of totalitarian oppression is peerless.
Free Essay: The Extent of Opposition Towards the Nazis There was little opposition that was effective in resistance to the Nazis. Hitler's power was finally. Read this essay on Nazi Opposition. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.
Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at vetconnexx.com". Propaganda in Nazi Germany refers to state controlled media during the reign of the Nazi Party.
Following the Nazi Party's rise to power in , all regular press in Germany came under complete Nazi editorial control through the policy of Gleichschaltung, as a result there was no free press during the Nazi regime. Propaganda used by the German Nazi Party in the years leading up to and during.
Nazi Opposition and the Holocaust In “Opposition and Resistance in Nazi Germany”, Frank McDonough explains that the Christian Church was the only organization in Hitler’s Germany that opposed Nazism. During the anti-Nazi opposition, the communists engaged in an underground distribution of the anti-Nazi literatures.
Communist newspapers and leaflets were circulated in the working class work place areas and in the beer halls.