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China for nearly a decade has been investing heavily in the emerging technology on the Internet of Things IoT and has made outpacing similar U. It is made up of linked devices ranging from biomedical devices for monitoring patients to self-driving cars to critical infrastructure.
The universe of IoT devices includes billions of national business reports systems such as, video cameras, smart phones and smart watches, and industrial control systems used in electric grids.
Chinese IoT objectives include building "smart cities" that monitor public utilities, flows of people and traffic, underground pipelines, and air and water quality, the report said.
Other Chinese IoT plans include advanced remote industrial controls; medical IoTs; smart homes equipped with remote controls for appliances and security systems; and smart cars linking vehicle sensors to drivers, roads, cloud services, and other electronic devices.
The IoT is expanding rapidly and will be further enhanced with emerging advanced information technologies, such 5G cellular technology.
Use of 5G networks will increase the ability of networked devices to interact through faster data transfer speeds. China, according to the report, is working on major programs to find vulnerabilities in IoT technology ostensibly for cyber security.
However, the report suggests the research is cover for plans to conduct for cyber espionage, sabotage, and military cyber reconnaissance using the Internet of Things.
One example of an IoT cyber attack took place in when the malware known as the Mirai botnet infiltrated thousands of linked devices by scanning the Internet for video cameras—most made in China—and DVRs that were not protected and easily accessed by using default passwords such as "password.
A second botnet called IoTroop targeted several brands of Chinese-made Internet Protocol cameras in late Chinese IoT researchers also are preparing to use cyber attacks against the "Internet of Underwater Things" that has applications for submarine warfare.
China also is preparing to use the IoT for intelligence gathering and network reconnaissance—the first step in cyber war.
The Chinese military's cyber and computer attack force has written journal articles discussing the use of "emissions from IoT devices as possible avenues for side-channel attacks and listing location tracking features and internet connections as other weak points for exploitation," the report said.
A PLA electronic warfare report said smart cars are very vulnerable to attack and unauthorized access through their internal car wireless sensor networks, car-mounted controller area network buses, car-mounted local area networking, car software applications, car-mounted onboard diagnostic systems, and smart tire-pressure monitoring systems.
China is also using the IoT to boost its mass internal security surveillance capabilities to control the Chinese people, the report said. The civilian Minister of State Security intelligence services also has "taken a lead in weaponizing IoT exploits for both offensive and espionage operations," the report said.
The Reaper botnet was behind the compromise by the MSS of some 60 million health records of the U. IoT data even when no Chinese corporate entity is involved in its collection, processing, transmission, or storage," the report said.
One major effort by Beijing to control the technology behind the Internet of Things has been lobbying international organizations to adopt Chinese hardware and software standards. Those Beijing-friendly technical standards then will be exploited by China in gathering large data sets that will benefit Chinese companies under government control.
China also is gaining access to massive amounts of data on Americans through authorized end-user agreements for Chinese-made products. IoT data will only grow as Chinese IoT companies leverage their advantages in production and cost to gain market share in the United States," the report said.
The data will be used with China's growing ability to develop artificial intelligence that can be applied for intelligence or military operations or handed over to Chinese companies for economic gain.
The report concluded that the Chinese drive to control the Internet of Things threatens U.International Business Times is the leading provider of business news and financial news from the US and around the world.
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