FAQs The term "monetary policy" refers to the actions undertaken by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve, to influence the availability and cost of money and credit to help promote national economic goals. The Federal Reserve controls the three tools of monetary policy-- open market operationsthe discount rateand reserve requirements.
To strive in this competitive environment the firms should have an edge over the competitors.
To develop competitive advantage, the firms should produce good quality products at minimum costs etc. Therefore, it becomes necessary for the firms to have a strategic edge towards its competitors.
One such competitive strategy is overall cost leadership, which aims at producing and delivering the product or service at a low cost relative to its competitors at the same time maintaining the quality. According to Porter, following are the prerequisites of cost leadership Cherunilam, To sustain the cost leadership throughout, the firm must be clear about its accomplishment through different elements of the value chain.
Figure-1 shows a matrix of the three Market and cost structure competitive strategies and their interrelationship given by Porter. Three Generic Competitive Strategy This strategy involves the firm winning market share by appealing to cost-conscious or price-sensitive customers.
This is achieved by having the lowest prices in the target market segment, or at least the lowest price to value ratio price compared to what customers receive. To succeed at offering the lowest price while still achieving profitability and a high return on investment, the firm must be able to operate at a lower cost than its rivals.
There are three main ways to achieve this. The first approach is achieving a high asset turnover.
In service industries, this may mean for example a restaurant that turns tables around very quickly, or an airline that turns around flights very fast. In manufacturing, it will involve production of high volumes of output.
These approaches mean fixed costs are spread over a larger number of units of the product or service, resulting in a lower unit cost, i.
For industrial firms, mass production becomes both a strategy and an end in itself. Higher levels of output both require and result in high market share, and create an entry barrier to potential competitors, who may be unable to achieve the scale necessary to match the firms low costs and prices.
The second dimension is achieving low direct and indirect operating costs. This is achieved by offering high volumes of standardized products, offering basic no-frills products and limiting customization and personalization of service.
Production costs are kept low by using fewer components, using standard components, and limiting the number of models produced to ensure larger production runs.
With a solid commitment to continuous improvement, along with highly advanced, cost-effective equipment, Structure Medical continues to tap into new and . This strategy involves the firm winning market share by appealing to cost-conscious or price-sensitive customers. This is achieved by having the lowest prices in the target market segment, or at least the lowest price to value ratio (price compared to what customers receive). Event Date; PESA/Rice Fellowship Program: December Leadership Forum with PESA Advisory Board Member Mike Reeves, Rubicon Oilfield International: January 22,
Overheads are kept low by paying low wages, locating premises in low rent areas, establishing a cost-conscious culture, etc. Maintaining this strategy requires a continuous search for cost reductions in all aspects of the business.
The associated distribution strategy is to obtain the most extensive distribution possible.Perfect Competition Definition: The Perfect Competition is a market structure where a large number of buyers and sellers are present, and all are engaged in the buying and selling of the homogeneous products at a single price prevailing in the market.
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The term "monetary policy" refers to the actions undertaken by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve, to influence the availability and cost of money and credit to help promote national economic goals. With a solid commitment to continuous improvement, along with highly advanced, cost-effective equipment, Structure Medical continues to tap into new and .
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