Terminology[ edit ] The term empirical was originally used to refer to certain ancient Greek practitioners of medicine who rejected adherence to the dogmatic doctrines of the day, preferring instead to rely on the observation of phenomena as perceived in experience. Later empiricism referred to a theory of knowledge in philosophy which adheres to the principle that knowledge arises from experience and evidence gathered specifically using the senses. In scientific use, the term empirical refers to the gathering of data using only evidence that is observable by the senses or in some cases using calibrated scientific instruments. What early philosophers described as empiricist and empirical research have in common is the dependence on observable data to formulate and test theories and come to conclusions.
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The main objective of the study is to identify the types and frequencies of shifts in the microstructural elements of the target text. In addition, the study examines the factors and constraints that give rise to the shifts.
The study also describes the consequences of the consistent usage of specific types of shifts on the macrostructure of the target text.
Syntactic modification, in terms of thematic meaning, explicitation, and function words, had the highest frequency.
The researcher came to Empirical essays on finance and development conclusion that translation shifts were not only an appropriate solution to translation problems resulting from the discrepancy between the SL and the TL, but were also motivated by linguistic, cultural and psycholinguistic factors.
It was also concluded that the translator aimed at making the text more comprehensible, explicit, and coherent for the target readership.
The researcher finally emphasizes the importance of including the study of translation shifts and their macro effects in translation curriculum. While legal documents attempt to achieve certain aims, such as objectivity and obligation, such aims can be realized in different ways by different languages.
This paper aims to reveal the linguistic features of written legal discourse in terms of obligation, permission and prohibition. These features are detected on both English and Arabic legal documents.
The paper also aims to show the similarities and differences between English and Arabic through the analysis of selected sentences from the corpus of legal documents under examination.
Following the descriptive analysis and with the use of quantitive approach, the linguistic features of the legal language of both English and Arabic is analyzed individually, then the similarities and differences between both languages is discussed.
One of the major concerns of this paper is deontic modality and the way it functions in legal language. Peter James Kpolovie — Statistical Analysis with SPSS for Research This ground-breaking book is an indispensable practical guide to the successful execution of research with particular attention to data analysis to arrive at indisputable findings, conclusions, and generalizations.
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Effective nurses—physicians communication can greatly reduce the number of medical errors and fatalities that occur in the emergency department. The aim of this study is to explore the communication experiences of nurses and physicians working in the emergency department in a hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia KSA.
The ultimate research participants will be eight physicians and nurses from an emergency department. The research design will be a qualitative phenomenological hermeneutic approach and will use the interpretive method for data collection. The significance of this study is to determine influence of communication on quality of care, particularly in the emergency department, and understand factors that hinder effective communication of nurses and physicians in the emergency department.
Communication comprises the intrapersonal and interpersonal interactions between nurses and physicians and their external influences on patient outcomes. Moreover, communication lacks clarity; more clarification could help improve and enhance communication among professionals of emergency department, as well as patient outcomes.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of supply chain integration strategies on performance of pork processing industry in Rwanda. The study employed a quantitative research design in order to address to the research objective. The target population was the 52 employees of German butchery in Kigali.
Due to the small size of the population, there was no need of sampling. Therefore all the 52 employees were obtained through census method and were recruited to the study. Questionnaires were used to collect information regarding internal integration, supplier integration, customer integration and performance of the firms.Download Citation on ResearchGate | Essays on development and finance | This thesis is a collection of three empirical essays on economic development and finance.
Chapter 1 examines how. The precautionary demand for M1 is the holding of transaction funds for use if unexpected needs for immediate expenditure arise.
Asset motive. The asset motive for the demand for broader monetary measures, M2 and M3, states that people demand money as a way to hold wealth. "In a new book of essays, The United States as a Developing Country (Cambridge, ), historian Martin J.
Sklar presents a model of capitalist development that is far more relevant to the present than the factory-centered one that still dominates much political and economic thought.". Four Empirical Essays in Development Economics Four Empirical Essays in Development Economics Eric Akobeng I thank Ghana Ministry of Finance and Eco-nomic Planning and my project implementation team members under the World Bank’s Ghana AIDS Response Project, Africa Development Bank’s Urban Poverty Reduction.
Dynamic Modeling, Empirical Macroeconomics, and Finance: Essays in Honor of Willi Semmler 1st ed. Edition by Lucas Bernard (Editor). With the rapid development of the literature, there are more than published papers in academic accounting and finance journals in the last thirty years (Kothari, ).
This essay has discussed the weaknesses and strengths of the empirical evaluation of accounting income numbers by Ball and Brown.
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