Map Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky — is one of the most famous Russian composers.
Life Childhood The Tchaikovsky family in His father, Ilya Petrovich Tchaikovsky, had served as a lieutenant colonel and engineer in the Department of Mines,  and would manage the Kamsko-Votkinsk Ironworks.
Alexandra's marriage to Lev Davydov  would produce seven children and lend Tchaikovsky the only real family life he would know as an adult,  especially during his years of wandering. Precocious, within three years he had become as adept at reading sheet music as his teacher.
His parents, initially supportive, hired a tutor, bought an orchestrion a form of barrel organ that could imitate elaborate orchestral effectsand encouraged his piano study for both aesthetic and practical reasons. They had both graduated from institutes in Saint Petersburg and the School of Jurisprudence, which mainly served the lesser nobility, and thought that this education would prepare Tchaikovsky for a career as a civil servant.
Both were considered on the lowest rank of the social ladder, with individuals in them enjoying no more rights than peasants. Tchaikovsky's father, who had also contracted cholera but recovered fully, sent him back to school immediately in the hope that classwork would occupy the boy's mind.
They regularly attended the opera  and Tchaikovsky would improvise at the school's harmonium on themes he and his friends had sung during choir practice. Photo, On 10 Junethe year-old Tchaikovsky graduated as a titular counselor, a low rung on the civil service ladder. Appointed to the Ministry of Justice, he became a junior assistant within six months and a senior assistant two months after that.
He remained a senior assistant for the rest of his three-year civil service career. Previous tsars and the aristocracy had focused almost exclusively on importing European talent.
Tchaikovsky enrolled at the Conservatory as part of its premiere class. He studied harmony and counterpoint with Zaremba and instrumentation and composition with Rubinstein.
It transformed him into a musical professional, with tools to help him thrive as a composer, and the in-depth exposure to European principles and musical forms gave him a sense that his art was not exclusively Russian or Western.
He believed and attempted to show that both these aspects were "intertwined and mutually dependent". Rubinstein and Zaremba refused to consider the work unless substantial changes were made.
Tchaikovsky complied but they still refused to perform the symphony. It was given its first complete performance, minus the changes Rubinstein and Zaremba had requested, in Moscow in February While the salary for his professorship was only 50 rubles a month, the offer itself boosted Tchaikovsky's morale and he accepted the post eagerly.
He was further heartened by news of the first public performance of one of his works, his Characteristic Dances, conducted by Johann Strauss II at a concert in Pavlovsk Park on 11 September Tchaikovsky later included this work, re-titled, Dances of the Hay Maidens, in his opera The Voyevoda.
The infrequency of Tchaikovsky's musical successes, won with tremendous effort, exacerbated his lifelong sensitivity to criticism.
Nikolai Rubinstein's private fits of rage critiquing his music, most famously attacking the First Piano Concertodid not help matters. Whereas they had previously been satisfied with flashy virtuoso performances of technically demanding but musically lightweight compositions, they gradually began listening with increasing appreciation of the music itself.
Tchaikovsky's works were performed frequently, with few delays between their composition and first performances; the publication from onward of his songs and great piano music for the home market also helped boost the composer's popularity.
His first, The Voyevodabased on a play by Alexander Ostrovskypremiered in The composer became dissatisfied with it, however, and, having re-used parts of it in later works, destroyed the manuscript. Undina followed in Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7, , in Votkinsk, Vyatka region, Russia.
He was the second of six children (five brothers and. Biography. John Williams.
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is widely considered the most popular Russian composer in history.
His work includes the The Sleeping Beauty and. Well, sorry Russia, but Tchaikovsky — along with dozens of other Russian cultural icons — were gay. Pyotr Tchaikovsky (composer) a biography by Roland John Wiley found definitive. Pyotr (Peter) Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born on May 7, , in Votkinsk, Vyatka region, Russia.
He was the second of six children (five brothers and one sister). His father, named Ilya Chaikovsky, was a mining business executive in Votkinsk. Russian composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky was one of the most loved of Russian composers.
His music is famous for its strong emotion, and his technical Died: Nov 06, Jul 07, · Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
Professor at the Moscow Conservatory. Biography. Facts about Tchaikovsky’s stay in Moscow, Russia. Information about the location of the Pyotr Tchaikovsky Open-Air Museum. Monuments. Theatres and concert halls where you can hear Tchaikovsky’s music/5(7).