Roosevelt, thirty-second president of the United States, led the nation out of the period of economic crisis known as the Great Depression —39 and later into World War II — Before he died, he cleared the way for peace, including the establishment of the United Nations. Youth and marriage Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30,into a well-known family.
His parents and private tutors provided him with almost all his formative education. He attended Grotona prestigious preparatory school in Massachusetts, and received a BA degree in history from Harvard in only three years Roosevelt next studied law at New York's Columbia University.
When he passed the bar examination inhe left school without taking a degree. For the next three years he practiced law with a prominent New York City law firm. He entered politics in and was elected to the New York State Senate as a Democrat from his traditionally Republican home district.
In the meantime, inhe had married a distant cousin, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, who was the niece of President Theodore Roosevelt. The couple had six children, five of whom survived infancy: AnnaJamesElliottFranklin, Jr. As a reward for his support, Wilson appointed him Assistant Secretary of the Navy ina position he held until He was an energetic and efficient administrator, specializing in the business side of naval administration.
Roosevelt's popularity and success in naval affairs resulted in his being nominated for vice-president by the Democratic Party in on a ticket headed by James M. However, popular sentiment against Wilson's plan for US participation in the League of Nations propelled Republican Warren Harding into the presidency, and Roosevelt returned to private life.
While vacationing at Campobello Island, New Brunswick in the summer ofRoosevelt contracted poliomyelitis infantile paralysis. Despite courageous efforts to overcome his crippling illness, he never regained the use of his legs.
In time, he established a foundation at Warm Springs, Georgia to help other polio victims, and inspired, as well as directed, the March of Dimes program that eventually funded an effective vaccine.
With the encouragement and help of his wife, Eleanor, and political confidant, Louis Howe, Roosevelt resumed his political career.
In he nominated Governor Alfred E. In Smith became the Democratic candidate for president and arranged for Roosevelt's nomination to succeed him as governor of New York. Smith lost the election to Herbert Hoover; but Roosevelt was elected governor.
Following his reelection as governor inRoosevelt began to campaign for the presidency. While the economic depression damaged Hoover and the Republicans, Roosevelt's bold efforts to combat it in New York enhanced his reputation.
In Chicago inRoosevelt won the nomination as the Democratic Party candidate for president. He broke with tradition and flew to Chicago to accept the nomination in person.
He then campaigned energetically calling for government intervention in the economy to provide relief, recovery, and reform. His activist approach and personal charm helped to defeat Hoover in November by seven million votes.
Factory closings, farm foreclosures, and bank failures increased, while unemployment soared. Roosevelt faced the greatest crisis in American history since the Civil War. He undertook immediate actions to initiate his New Deal programs. To halt depositor panics, he closed the banks temporarily.
Then he worked with a special session of Congress during the first " days" to pass recovery legislation which set up alphabet agencies such as the AAA Agricultural Adjustment Administration to support farm prices and the CCC Civilian Conservation Corps to employ young men.
Other agencies assisted business and labor, insured bank deposits, regulated the stock market, subsidized home and farm mortgage payments, and aided the unemployed. These measures revived confidence in the economy.
Banks reopened and direct relief saved millions from starvation. But the New Deal measures also involved government directly in areas of social and economic life as never before and resulted in greatly increased spending and unbalanced budgets which led to criticisms of Roosevelt's programs.
However, the nation-at-large supported Roosevelt, and elected additional Democrats to state legislatures and governorships in the mid-term elections.Aug 22, · Home of Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site, Hyde Park, Master Bath at the Franklin D Roosevelt National Historic Site Eleanor Roosevelt’s bedroom and office at the Home of Franklin D Roosevelt NHS, Hyde Park.
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site Tourist information on Roosevelt's Hyde Park, New York birthplace and boyhood home. Includes information about FDR and links to other Roosevelt tourist spots. [email protected] Hyde Park - Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt September 29, at am. Overall Rating: 3.
Parking Accessibility: Was at Visitors Center. Library and Home are quite a distance to walk to. Accessible paths and side walks. Entrance Accessibility. Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York on January30, and died on early April in Warm Springs, Georgia.
FDR was the son of James Roosevelt and Sara Delano Roosevelt a wealthy family. Watch video · Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born on January 30, , in Hyde Park, New York. Family, Early Life and Education FDR was born into a wealthy family as the only child of James Roosevelt and Sara.
The Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site preserves the Springwood estate in Hyde Park, New York. Springwood was the birthplace, lifelong home, and burial place of the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
The National Historic Site was established in